管家婆四肖三期内必出一特

 

具有代表性的幾種古建筑劃分


SHUOQIGUJIANZHU,XIANGXINNENGBEIRENTUOKOUERCHUDEJIZHONGYANGSHIWUFEISHIGONGDIAN、LOUGE、LIANGTING、LANGDAO、TALOU、MIAOYUDENG,ZHONGHUAWENMINGWUQIANNIANZHIJIU,ZHEXIEJIANZHUYESHENRURENXIN,DANSHISHIFOUYOURENNENGBATAMENXIANGXIDESHUOCHULAINI?XIANGXINNIYIDINGHUISHUOYIJU,XIANGDEDAOQUESHUOBUCHUKOUBA,HEHE,XIAMIANWOMENYIQILAILEJIEYIXIACHUANCHENGLEJIQIANNIANZHIJIUDEZHONGGUOGUIBAO!

  GONGDIAN

  GONGDIANSHIDIWANGCHAOHUIHEJUZHUDEDIFANG,GUIMOHONGDA,XINGXIANGZHUANGLI,GEJUYANJIN,GEIRENQIANGLIEDEJINGSHENGANRAN,TUXIANWANGQUANDEZUNYAN。ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHUZHONGGONGGURENJIANZHIXU,YUXIFANGHEYISILANJIANZHUYIZONGJIAOJIANZHUWEIZHUBUTONG,ZHONGGUOJIANZHUCHENGJIUZUIGAO、GUIMOZUIDADEJIUSHIGONGDIAN。CONGYUANSHISHEHUIDAOXIZHOU,GONGDIANDEMENGYAJINGLILEYIGEHESHOULINGJUZHU、JUHUI、JISIDUOGONGNENGWEIYITIDEHUNDUNWEIFENDEJIEDUAN,FAZHANWEIYUJISIGONGNENGFENHUA,ZHIYONGYUJUNWANGHOUFEICHAOHUIYUJUZHU。ZAIGONGNEI,GONGDIANCHANGYITUOCHENGSHIERCUNZAI,YIZHONGZHOUDUICHENGGUIZHENGJINYANDECHENGSHIGEJU,TUCHUGONGDIANZAIDOUCHENGZHONGDEDIWEI。

  LOUGE

  ZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUZHONGDEDUOCENGJIANZHUWU。ZAOQILOUYUGEYOUSUOQUBIE,LOUZHIZHONGWU,DUOXIAERXIUQU,ZAIJIANZHUQUNZHONGCHUYUCIYAOWEIZHI;GEZHIXIABUJIAKONG、DICENGGAOXUANDEJIANZHU,PINGMIANCHENGFANGXING,LIANGCENG,YOUPINGZUO,ZAIJIANZHUQUNZHONGJUZHUYAOWEIZHI。HOULAILOUYUGEHUTONG,WUYANGEQUFEN。LOUGEDUOWEIMUJIEGOU,GOUJIAXINGSHIYOUJINGXISHI、ZHONGWUSHI、PINGZUOSHI、TONGZHUSHIDENG。ZHONGGUOGUDAILOUGEDUOWEIMUJIEGOU,YOUDUOZHONGGOUJIAXINGSHI。YIFANGMUXIANGJIAODIELEICHENGJINGLANXINGZHUANGSUOGOUCHENGDEGAOLOU,CHENGJING□SHI;JIANGDANCENGJIANZHUZHUCENGZHONGDIEERGOUCHENGZHENGZUOJIANZHUDE,CHENGZHONGWUSHI。TANGSONGYILAI,ZAICENGJIANZENGSHEPINGTAIJIEGOUCENG,QINEIYANXINGCHENGANCENGHELOUMIAN,QIWAIYANTIAOCHUCHENGWEITIAOTAI,ZHEZHONGXINGSHISONGDAICHENGWEIPINGZUOSHI。GECENGSHANGXIAZHUZHIJIANBUXIANGTONG,GOUZAOJIAOJIEFANGSHIJIAOFUZA。MINGQINGYILAIDELOUGEGOUJIA,JIANGGECENGMUZHUXIANGXUCHENGWEITONGCHANGDEZHUCAI,YULIANGFANGJIAODACHENGWEIZHENGTIKUANGJIA,CHENGZHIWEITONGZHUSHI。CIWAI,SHANGYOUQITABIANYIDELOUGEGOUJIAXINGSHI。

  LIANGTING

  LIANGTING,HANZUMUJIEGOUDANTIJIANZHUZHIYI。JIANZHUZAILUPANGGONGXINGRENXIUXIDEXIAOTING。YINWEIZAOXINGQINGQIAO,XUANCAIBUJU,BUSHELINGHUOERBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGZAIYUANLINJIANZHUZHIZHONG。CHANGJIANZAIHUAYUANHUOGONGYUANZHONGDEKAICHANGDENALIANGTINGXIEHUOBEIMINGTINGZI,CHANGYOUZHUZIZHICHENGWUDINGJIANZAO。TINGDEPINGMIANXINGSHICHUFANGXING、JUXING、YUANXING、DUOBIANXINGWAI,HUANYOUSHIZI、LIANHUAN、MEIHUA、SHANXINGDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHI。TINGDEWUDINGYOUZANJIAN、XIESHAN、ZHUIXINGJIQITAXINGSHIFUHETI。DAXINGDETINGKEZHUZHONGYAN,HUOSIMIANJIABAOSHA。LINGMU、ZONGMIAOZHONGDEBEITING、JINGTINGKEZUODEHENZHUANGZHONG,RUMINGCHANGLINGDEBEITING。DAXINGDETINGKEYIZUODEXIONGWEIZHUANGGUAN,RUBEIJINGJINGSHANDEWANCHUNTING。XIAOXINGDETINGKEYIZUODEQINGQIAOYAZHI,RUHANGZHOUSANTANYINYUEDESANJIAOTING。TINGDEBUTONGXINGSHI,KEYICHANSHENGBUTONGDEYISHUXIAOGUO。GOUZAOZUOFA,TINGDEJIEGOUYIMUGOUWEIZUIDUO,YEYOUYONGZHUANSHIQIZAODE。TINGDUOZUOZANJIANDINGHEYUANZHUIXINGDING。SIJIAOZANJIANDINGZAIHANDAIYICHUXIAN,BAJIAOZANJIANDINGHEYUANZHUIXINGDINGZAITANGDAIMINGQIZHONGYIYOUFAXIAN。SONG《YINGZAOFASHI》ZHONGSUOZAI“TINGXIEDOUJIAN”,SHILEISISANJIADEJIEGOU。ZHEZHONGZUOFAKEYICONGQINGDAINANFANGDEYUANLINZHONGJIANDAO。MINGQINGYIHOU,FANGTINGDUOYONGMOJIAOLIANG,DUOJIAOZANJIANTINGDUOYONGBALIANG,ZHUCENGDIEQI。JUXINGTINGDEGOUZAOZEJIBENYUFANGWUJIANZHUXIANGTONG。

  LANGDAO

  ZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUZHONGYOUDINGDETONGDAO,BAOKUOHUILANGHEYOULANG,JIBENGONGNENGWEIZHEYANG、FANGYUHEGONGRENXIAOQI。LANGSHIXINGCHENGZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUWAIXINGTEDIANDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。DIANTANGYANXIADELANG,ZUOWEISHINEIWAIDEGUODUKONGJIAN,SHIGOUCHENGJIANZHUWUZAOXINGSHANGXUSHIBIANHUAHEYUNLVGANDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。WEIHETINGYUANDEHUILANG,DUITINGYUANKONGJIANDEGEJU、TILIANGDEMEIHUAQIZHONGYAOZUOYONG,BINGNENGZAOCHENGZHUANGZHONG、HUOPO、KAICHANG、SHENCHEN、BISAI、LIANTONGDENGBUTONGXIAOGUO。YUANLINZHONGDEYOULANGZEZHUYAOQIZHUHUAFENJINGQU、ZAOCHENGDUOZHONGDUOYANGDEKONGJIANBIANHUA、ZENGJIAJINGSHEN、YINDAOZUIJIAGUANSHANGLUXIANDENGZUOYONG。ZAILANGDEXIBUCHANGPEIYOUJIHEWENYANGDELANGAN、ZUODENG、EXIANGYI、GUALUO、CAIHUA;GEQIANGSHANGCHANGSHIYISHENJINDENGCHUANG、LOUCHUANG、YUEDONGMEN、PINGMENDENGGEZHONGZHUANGSHIXINGJIANZHUGOUJIAN。

  TALOU

  TALOUSHIDUIBUTONGJIANZHUJIEGOUDEJIANZHUWUDECHENGHU,TALOUYIBANSHIZHIGAOCENGJIANZHU。CONGLOUFANGDEPINGMIANTUSHANGLIJIETALOUHEBANLOU。TALOUDEPINGMIANTUTEDIANSHI:RUOGANHU,YIBANDUOYUSIWUHUGONGTONGWEIRAOHUOZHEHUANRAOYIZUGONGGONGSHUXIANGJIAOTONGXINGCHENGDELOUFANGPINGMIAN,PINGMIANDECHANGDUHEKUANDUDAZHIXIANGTONG。TALOUWAIGUANXIANGTADELOUXING,PINGMIANDECHANGDUHEKUANDUDAZHIXIANGTONG,YIBANTALOUDETONGCENGZHUHUZAI6HUYISHANG。JIANDANMIAOSHUJIUSHIKANDAOJIANZHUXIAN“XICHANG”。TASHIZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUZHONGSHULIANGJIDA、XINGSHIZUIWEIDUOYANGDEYIZHONGJIANZHULEIXING。TALOUGENGDUODEHUANSHIBEIFOJIAOYINYONGCHUANGXIN,WOMENXIANZAISUOJIANDEGUJIANZHUTALOUZHONG,FOJIAOZHONGZHANHENDAYIBUFENDEBILI,GENGYOU“JIURENYIMINGSHENGZAOQIJIFUTU”(FUTUJIZHIBAOTA)YISHUOBEIGUANGDARENQUNSUOZHIXIAO。FOJIAOSUOJIANZAODETALOUYIBANYOUDIGONG、TAJI、TASHEN、TADINGHETACHAZUCHENG。DIGONGZANGSHELI,WEIYUTAJIZHENGZHONGDIMIANYIXIA。TAJIBAOKUOJITAIHEJIZUO。TACHAZAITADINGZHISHANG,TONGCHANGYOUXUMIZUO、YANGLIAN、FUBO、XIANGLUNHEBAOZHUZUCHENG;YEYOUZAIXIANGLUNZHISHANGJIABAOGAI、YUANGUANG、YANGYUEHEBAOZHUDETACHA。TADEZHONGLEIZHONGDUO,ZHONGGUOXIANCUNTA2000DUOZUO。ANXINGZHIFEN,YOUGONGMOBAIDEZANGFOWUDEFOTAHEGAOSENGMUTA;ANSUOYONGCAILIAOKEFENWEIMUTA、ZHUANTA、SHITA、JINSHUTA、TAOTADENG;ANJIEGOUHEZAOXINGKEFENWEILOUGESHITA、MIYANTA、DANCENGTA、LAMATAHEQITATESHUXINGZHIDETA。LOUGESHITAZHUMINGDEYOUXIANCIENSITA、XINGJIAOSIXUANZHUANGTA、SUZHOUYUNYANSITADENG。MIYANTAZHUMINGDEYOUDENGFENGSONGYUESITA、XIANJIANFUSITA、DALICHONGSHENGSIQIANXUNTADENG。DANCENGTAZHUMINGDEYOULICHENGSHENTONGSISIMENTA、BEIJINGYUNJUSISHITAQUN、DENGFENGHUISHANSIJINGZANGCHANSHITADENG。LAMATATASHENTUBAISE,SUCHENG“BAITA”。ZHUMINGDEYOUBEIJINGMIAOYINGSIBAITA、SHANXIWUTAIXIANTAYUANSIBAITADENG。JINGANGBAOZUOTAZHUMINGDEYOUBEIJINGZHENGJUESIJINGANGBAOZUOTA。

  MIAOYU

  廟宇通常是指供神佛或歷史上名人的處所。廟宇結構有三個主要部分:即臺基、主體、與屋頂。中國廟堂木料結構之因素:木柱、楣梁、正梁、橫梁和支柱均披露可見。一排排的柱子與正梁及楣梁連結起來,支撐著遮蔽的屋頂,木架之上排鋪瓦片,而后砌磚隔墻填在柱間,構建中國建筑的理念。

廟宇大致分為三類

  1、JISIZUXIANDEMIAO。ZHONGGUOGUDAIDIWANGZHUHOUDENGFENGSIZUXIANDEJIANZHUCHENGZONGMIAO。DIWANGDEZONGMIAOCHENGTAIMIAO,MIAOZHILIDAIBUTONG。TAIMIAOSHIDENGJIZUIGAODEJIANZHU。GUIZU、XIANHUAN、SHIJIADAZUFENGSIZUXIANDEJIANZHUCHENGJIAMIAOHUOZONGCI。FANGZHAOTAIMIAOFANGWEI,SHEYUZHAIDIDONGCE,GUIMOBUYI。YOUDEZONGCIFUSHEYIXUE、YICANG、XILOU,GONGNENGCHAOCHUJISIFANWEI。

  2、FENGSISHENGXIANDEMIAO。ZUIZHUMINGDESHIFENGSIKONGQIUDEKONGMIAO,YOUCHENGWENMIAO。KONGQIUBEIFENGWEIRUJIAZHIZU,HANYIHOULIDAIDIWANGDUOCHONGFENGRUXUE。SHANDONGQUFUKONGMIAOGUIMOZUIDA。FENGSISANGUOSHIDAIMINGJIANGGUANYUDEMIAOCHENGGUANDIMIAO,YOUCHENGWUMIAO。YOUDEDIFANGJIANSANYIMIAO,HESILIUBEI、GUANYU、ZHANGFEI。XUDUODIFANGHUANFENGSIMINGCHEN、XIANXIAN、YISHI、JIELIE,RUSICHUANCHENGDOUHEHENANNANYANGFENGSISANGUOZHUMINGZHENGZHIJIAZHUGELIANGDE“WUHOUCI”;ZHEJIANGHANGZHOUHEHENANTANGYINFENGSINANSONGMINZUYINGXIONGYUEFEIDE“YUEWANGMIAO”HE“YUEFEIMIAO”。

  3、JISISHANCHUAN、SHENLINGDEMIAO。ZHONGGUOCONGGUDAIQIJIUCHONGBAITIAN、DI、SHAN、CHUANDENGZIRANWUBINGSHEMIAOFENGSI,RUHOUTUMIAO。ZUIZHUMINGDESHIFENGSITAISHAN、HUASHAN、HENGSHAN、HENGSHAN、SONGSHANDESHENMIAO,QIZHONGTAISHANDEDAIMIAOGUIMOZUIDA。HUANYOUDALIANGYUANYUGEZHONGZONGJIAOHEMINJIANXISUDEJISIJIANZHU,RUCHENGHUANGMIAO、TUDIMIAO、LONGWANGMIAO、CAISHENMIAODENG。



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